Plinia is a genus of plants in the family Myrtaceae, which is commonly known as the guava family. The genus Plinia is native to South America, particularly the Amazon basin, and includes over 150 species.

The most well-known species in the genus Plinia is Plinia cauliflora, which is commonly known as jabuticaba. This tree produces small, purple-black fruit that resemble grapes and have a sweet, grape-like flavor. The fruit is a popular food in Brazil and other South American countries, and it is also used to make jams, jellies, and wines.

Plinia species are typically evergreen trees or shrubs with simple, opposite leaves and white or pink flowers. Many species have edible fruit, and some are used in traditional medicine for their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The wood of some Plinia species is also used for furniture and construction.

In addition to Plinia cauliflora, some other well-known species in the genus include Plinia edulis, Plinia rivularis, and Plinia trunciflora.

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